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English 

ORIGIN: Russia. 

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD: 07.11.2017.

TRANSLATION: Anna Samsonova
Edited by Dr. Eugene Yerusalimsky 

UTILIZATION: Companion Dog. 

FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 9 Companion and Toy dogs. Section 9 Continental Toy Spaniels and Russian Toys. Without working trial. 

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: At the beginning of the 20th century, the English Toy Terrier was one of the most popular toy dogs in Russia. However, in the period 1920 – 1950 the breeding of pure toy terriers was almost stopped and the number of dogs fell to a critical level. Only in the mid-fifties did Russian dog-breeders begin the revival of the breed. Practically all dogs which were used for breeding had no pedigrees; many of them were not pure blood. The Standard drafted for Toy Terriers significantly differed from that of the English Toy Terrier in many aspects. From this moment, the evolution of the breed in Russia went its own way. On the 12th of October, 1958 two smooth-haired dogs, one of which had slightly longer hair, gave birth to a male dog with a spectacular fringes on ears and limbs. It was decided to keep this feature. The male was mated with a female which also had slightly long hair. Thus the longhaired variety of the Russian Toy appeared. It was called Moscow Longhaired Toy Terrier. A dog breeder from Moscow, Yevgueniya Fominichna Zharova, played an important role in the creation of this breed variant. It was during a long period of development, in an isolated context, along with a specifically conducted selection that a new breed was created : the Russian Toy with two coat varieties: longhaired and smooth-haired.  

GENERAL APPEARANCE: A small, elegant longlegged dog, with fine bone and lean muscles. Very harmonic dog of good proportions. Sexual dimorphism only slightly defined. 

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The length of the body is equal to the height at withers. The height at elbows is only slightly more than half of the height at withers. The chest reaches the elbows. The length of the muzzle is shorter than the length of the skull. 

BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT: Active, very cheerful, neither cowardly nor aggressive. Always curious of the outer world, strongly devoted to its owner. 

HEAD: Small compared to the body. Light, lean; wedge-shaped if viewed from above; occiput is not pronounced. 

CRANIAL REGION: 
Skull: High but not too wide (width at the level of zygomatic arches does not exceed the depth of the skull), with a slightly rounded forehead. The roundness should be pronounced but not exaggerated. 
Stop: Clearly pronounced, of medium depth. 

FACIAL REGION: 
Nose: Small, well developed with well-open nostrils; black or matching the coat colour. 
Muzzle: Lean and pointed, gradually narrowing to the nose; shorter than the skull: from 1/3 up to 2/5 of the head. Straight nasal bridge. 
Lips: Thin, lean, tight- fitting and dark or matching the coat colour. 
Jaws/Teeth: Scissor bite. Level bite extending to 2 or 3 pairs of incisors is permitted but undesirable. Teeth white, of medium size. 
Cheekbones: Flat, only slightly pronounced. 
Eyes: Quite large, rounded, expressive, well apart and looking straight ahead. As dark as possible. Eyelids are dark or matching the coat colour, tightly fitting. The look is self-interested, clever, curious, friendly, and intelligent. 
Ears: Big, thin, set high, erect, shaped as a high isosceles triangle; set slightly upward. In longhaired variety may be slightly directed sidewards. 

NECK: Long, lean, carried high. 

BODY: 
Topline: Moderately and gradually sloping from the withers down to the tailset. 
Withers: Slightly pronounced. 
Back: Strong and straight. 
Loin: Short, sufficiently muscled and slightly prominent. 
Croup: The croup is sloping at about 15 degree to the horizontal line, of medium width, sufficiently long. 
Chest: The chest reaches the elbows; of slightly flat oval, shaped in cross-section. 
Underline: Tucked up belly and drawn up flanks, forming a smooth and nicely curved line from the chest to the flanks. 

TAIL: Medium length, sickle or sabre, without wring or kinks. Set moderately high. In movement is desirable to be carried neither lower than back level not lie on the back. Docked tail is permitted; 2 – 4 vertebrae are left. 

LIMBS FOREQUARTERS: 
General appearance: Seen from the front, the front legs are straight and parallel. Set under the body when viewed from the side. The height at elbows is only slightly more than half of the height at withers. 
Shoulders: The shoulder blades are moderately long and not too sloping. 
Upper arm: The length of upper arm is approximately equal to the length of shoulder blade; forms an angle of 100-110 degrees with the shoulder. 
Elbows: Set rearward. 
Forearm: Long, straight. 
Carpus (Wrist): Lean. 
Metacarpus (Pastern): Straight when viewed from the front. Almost vertical when viewed from the side. Forefeet: Small, oval, turning neither in nor out. Toes well-knit and arched. Pads are springy. Nails and pads are black or matching the coat colour. 

HINDQUARTERS: 
General appearance: Seen from the rear, the hind legs are straight and parallel, standing a little bit wider than the forelegs. Viewed from the side set slightly rearward. Stifles and hocks are sufficiently bent, in balance with the forelegs angulation. 
Upper thigh: Moderately long; muscles are lean and developed. 
Lower thigh: Of approximately same length as the upper thighs. 
Hock: Of moderate angulation. 
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Perpendicular to the ground and parallel to each other. 
Hind feet: The paws are arched and well-closed, a little bit narrower than forefeet; toes are close-cupped, not turned in or out. Nails and pads are black or matching the coat colour. 

GAIT/MOVEMENT: Easy, straightforward, light, energetic, moderately reach. The topline is straight; no noticeable change in the topline when moving; somewhat high in withers is permissible. Head proudly held high, tail carried high enough. 

SKIN: Thin and tight-fitting. 

HAIR: There are two varieties for the breed: smooth-haired and longhaired. 
 Smooth-haired: Short, close-lying, shiny hair, without undercoat or bald patches. 
• Long-haired: Body and neck are covered with moderately long (3-5 cm), straight or slightly wavy hair, close-lying. Hair on the head and on the front part of limbs is short and close -lying. Distinct feathers on rear side of limbs and the tail. Ears are covered with thick, long hair forming a fringe. In adult dogs the fringe, should completely hide the outer edges and tips of the ears. Body hair should not be tousled or fluffy.

Colour: Black and tan; brown and tan; blue and tan; lilac and tan; red with black, red with blue; red with brown, red with lilac; red; fawn; cream. The colour of the nose matches the main hair colour. 

SIZE AND WEIGHT: 
Height at withers: Dogs and females: 22 – 27 cm. 
Weight: Males and females: up to 3 kg. 
Preferable height: 25 cm, preferable weight: 2.3 kg. 

FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog. 
• Timid behaviour. 
• Height less than 22 cm; height more than 27 cm. 
• Longbodied dog; too much arched loin; steeply sloping croup. 
• Missing 1 or 2 incisors in the upper and/or lower jaw.  
• Semi-erect ears in the long-haired breed variation if not caused by heavy and too thick ear hair. 
• Soft ears in the smooth-haired dogs. 
• Weak lower jaw. 
• Piked or heavy muzzle; dishfaced or downfaced. 
• Inverted elbows, toes-out. 
• Straight in front and rear. 
• Angulations of stifles and hocks excessively pronounced. 
• Low set tail, curled tail, spirally twisted tail, tail laying on the back. 
• Minor bald patches in smooth-haired dogs. 
• Too long, loose or slightly waved body hair in longhaired dogs; tousled of fluffy hair; the absence of ornamental hair on the tail. 
• Small white spots on chest and toes. 
• Tan markings too large or with darkened markings. 

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS: 
• Aggressive dog, overly shy dog. 
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified. 
• Overshot, level bite extending to the whole pairs of incisors, undershot. Wry mouth; absence of any canine; absence of more than 2 incisors in either jaw. 
• Lower jaw canines thrust against gums or roof of the upper jaw. 
• Tongue visible constantly when mouth is closed. 
• Open fontanel in dogs over 9 months. 
• Short legged dogs. 
• Overdeveloped and massive chest. 
• Semi-pricked ears in smooth-haired dogs. 
• Dropped ears in long-haired dogs. 
• In smooth-haired dogs: numerous bald patches (more than 25 %); very soft, tousled, loose body hair; too long hair with pronounced feathering on limbs and tail; trimmed coat.  
• In long-haired dogs: absence of fringes on ears and, presence of curly hair, trimmed coat on the body; curly coat; semipricked ears without fringes. 
• Wringed or kinked tail. 
• White spots on the head, on throat, above metacarpus; (pasterns) / metatarsus (rear pastern); large white patches on chest presence of brindle markings; any colour is not specified in the standard. 
• Size over 29 cm or less 18 cm. 
• Weight more than 3 kg or less than 1.5 kg. 


N.B.: 
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding.

  

English (old version)

RUSSKIY TOY (Russian Toy)
TRANSLATION
:
RKF, revised by R. Triquet and J. Mulholland.
ORIGIN: Russia.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: 21.02.2006
UTILIZATION: Companion Dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I.:  Group 9 Companion and Toy dogs.
                                     Section 9 Continental Toy Spaniels and Russian Toys.                
                                     Without working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARYAt the beginning of the 20th century, the English Toy Terrier was one of the most popular toy dogs in Russia.  However, in the period 1920 – 1950 the breeding of pure toy terriers was almost stopped and the number of dogs fell to a critical level.  Only in the mid-fifties did Russian dog-breeders begin the revival of the breed.  Practically all dogs which were used for breeding had no pedigrees; many of them were not pure blood.  The Standard drafted for Toy Terriers significantly differed from that of the English Toy Terrier in many aspects.  From this moment, the evolution of the breed in Russia went its own way.
On the 12th of October, 1958 two smooth-haired dogs, one of which had slightly longer hair, gave birth to a male dog with a spectacular fringes on ears and limbs.  It was decided to keep this feature. The male was mated with a female which also  had slightly long hair.  Thus the longhaired variety of the Russian Toy appeared.  It was called Moscow Longhaired Toy Terrier. 
A dog breeder from Moscow, Yevgueniya Fominichna Zharova, played an important role in the creation of this breed variant.
It was during a long period of development, in an  isolated context,  along with  a specifically conducted  selection that a new breed was created: the Russian Toy  with two varieties: longhaired and smooth-haired. 

GENERAL APPEARANCE: A small elegant dog, lively, long-legged, with fine bone and lean muscles.  Sexual dimorphism only slightly defined.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Square build. The height at elbows is  onlyslightly more than half of the height at withers ; the chest is sufficiently deep. 
BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT: Active, very cheerful, neither cowardly nor aggressive.  The behaviour is significantly different between males and females.
HEAD: Small compared to the body.
CRANIAL REGION:
Skull: High but not too wide (width at the  level of zygomatic arches does not exceed the depth of the skull).
Stop: Clearly pronounced.
FACIAL REGION:
Nose:
Small, black or matching the coat colour.
Muzzle: Lean and pointed, slightly shorter than the skull.
Lips: Thin, lean, tight- fitting and dark or matching the coat colour.
Jaws/Teeth: Small, white.  Scissor bite.  Absence of 2 incisors permitted in each jaw.
Cheekbones: Only slightly pronounced.
Eyes: Quite large, rounded, dark, slightly prominent, set well apart and looking straight ahead. Eyelids are dark or matching the coat colour, tightly fitting.
Ears: Big, thin, set high, erect.
NECK: Long, lean, carried high, slightly arched.
BODY:
Topline: Gradually sloping from the withers to the root of the tail.
Withers: Slightly pronounced.
Back: Strong and straight.
Loin: Short and slightly arched.
Croup: The croup is somewhat rounded and slightly sloping.
Chest: The chest is oval, sufficiently deep and not too wide.
Underline and Belly: Tucked up belly and drawn up flanks, forming a nicely curved line from the chest to the flanks.
TAIL: Docked (only two or three vertebrae are left), carried high. In countries where tail docking is prohibited by law, it is left in its natural state. Undocked: sickle tail.  It should not be carried lower than back level.
LIMBS
FOREQUARTERS
:
Thin and lean; seen from the front, the front legs are straight and parallel.
Shoulders: The shoulder blades are moderately long and not too sloping.
Upper arm: Forming an angle of 105 degrees with the shoulder blade.  The length of upper arm is approximately equal to the length of shoulder.
Elbows: In line with the body.
Forearm: Long, straight.
Carpus (Wrist): Lean.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Almost vertical.
Forefeet: Small, oval,  turning neither in nor out.   Toes well-knit  and arched.  Nails and resilient pads are black or match the coat colour.
HINDQUARTERS: Seen from the rear, the hind legs are straight and parallel, but standing a little  bit wider than the forelegs.  Stifles and hocks are sufficiently bent.
Upper thigh: Muscles are lean and developed.
Lower thigh: The upper and lower thighs are of the same length.
Hock: Sufficiently angulated.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Vertical.
Hind feet: Arched, a little bit narrower than forefeet.  Nails and pads are black or match the coat colour. 
GAIT/MOVEMENT: Easy, straightforward, fast.  No noticeable change in the topline when moving.
SKIN: Thin, dry and tight-fitting.
COAT
HAIR:
There exists two types for the breed: smooth-haired and longhaired.

  • Smooth-haired: short, close-lying, shiny hair, without undercoat or bald patches.
  • Longhaired: body is covered with moderately long (3-5 cm), straight  or  slightly wavy hair,  close-lying, which does not hide the natural outline of the  body .  Hair on the head and on the front part of limbs is short and close -lying.  Distinct feathers on rear side of limbs.  The feet have long,  silky hair  which completely hides the nails.  Ears are covered with thick, long hair forming a fringe.  Dogs of more than 3 years have such a fringe,  which should completely hide the outer edges and tips of the ears.  Body hair should not look tousled nor be  too short (less than 2 cm.).

COLOUR: Black and tan, brown and tan, blue and tan. Also red of any shade with or without black or brown overlay.  Richer shades are preferable for all colours.
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height at withers:
Dogs and bitches: 20 – 28 cm  (tolerance +/- 1 cm)
Weight: Dogs and bitches: up to 3 kg.
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

  • Timid behaviour.
  • Level bite or incisors sloping forward.
  • Semi-pricked ears.  This condition in longhaired dogs with heavy fringes is permissible but not desirable.
  • Low set tail.
  • Presence of bald patches in smooth-haired dogs.
  • Too long or too short hair on body of longhaired dogs.
  • Small white spots on chest and toes.
  • Solid black, brown and blue colours.  Tan markings too large or with dark shadings.

ELIMINATING FAULTS:

  • Aggressive, overly shy.
  • Overshot, pronounced undershot.  Absence of 1 canine; absence of more than 2 incisors in either jaw.
  • Hanging ears.
  • Short legs.
  • Many bald patches in short-haired dogs.
  • Longhaired dogs: absence of fringes on ears and presence of curly hair.
  • White coat,  white spots on the head, abdomen and above metacarpus; large white patches on chest and throat, presence of brindle markings.
  • Size over 30 cm or under 18 cm.
  • Weight less than 1 kg.

Any dogs clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

NB: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scroutum.

 


la nouvelle version

Français (l'ancienne version)

 Standard FCI N°  352  / 12.06.2006  / F  

PETIT CHIEN RUSSE (Russkiy Toy)

TRADUCTION: R. Triquet, avec la collaboration de Boris Chapiro. 

ORIGINE: Russie. 

DATE DE PUBLICATION DU STANDARD D’ORIGINE EN VIGUEUR: 21.02.2006.

UTILISATION: Chien de compagnie.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I.: Groupe 9  Chiens d’agrément et de Compagnie

                                    Section 9  Epagneul nain continental et Petit chien russe.

                                                   Sans épreuve de travail.

BREF APERCU HISTORIQUE: Au début du XXe siècle, le Toy-Terrier anglais était l’un des chiens de compagnie les plus populaires en Russie.  Cependant, entre 1920 et 1950, l’élevage de ces Toy-Terriers de pure race a été presque abandonné et le nombre de ces chiens est tombé à un niveau critique.  Ce n’est qu’au milieu des années cinquante que les éleveurs de Russie ont entrepris de faire renaître la race.  Presque tous les chiens utilisés pour l’élevage étaient sans pedigree et beaucoup d’entre eux n’étaient pas de pure race.  Le standard établi pour ces Toy-Terriers se trouva très différent de celui du Toy-Terrier anglais en de nombreux points fondamentaux.  A partir de ce moment,  l’évolution de la race suivit sa propre voie.
Le 12 octobre 1958 deux sujets à poil lisse, dont l’un avait le poil légèrement plus long, donnèrent naissance à un mâle qui avait des franges spectaculaires aux oreilles et aux membres.  On décida de conserver ce caractère.  Ce mâle fut accouplé à une femelle qui avait également le poil légèrement long.  C’est ainsi que l’on a obtenu la variété à poil long du petit chien russe.  On l’appela Toy-Terrier de Moscou à poil long.  Une éleveuse de Moscou, Yevgueniya Fominitchna Jarova joua un rôle important dans sa création.
C’est au cours d’un long développement en situation d’isolement et d’une sélection spécifiquement orientée, que fut créée la nouvelle race, le Petit chien russe, avec ses deux variétés : poil long et poil lisse. 
ASPECT GENERAL: Petit chien élégant, remuant, haut sur pattes, à l’ossature fine et la musculature sèche.  Le dimorphisme sexuel est peu accusé.   PROPORTIONS IMPORTANTES: Inscriptible dans un carré.  La hauteur au coude est très légèrement supérieure à la moitié de la hauteur au garrot.  La poitrine est suffisamment haute.
COMPORTEMENT / CARACTERE: Actif, pétillant de vie, ni agressif ni peureux.  Le comportement est sensiblement différent entre mâles et femelles. TETE: Petite par rapport au corps.
REGION CRANIENNE:
Crâne: Haut mais pas trop large (la largeur au niveau des arcades zygomatiques n’est pas supérieure à la hauteur du crâne).
Stop: Nettement marqué. 
REGION FACIALE:
Truffe: Petite, noire ou en accord avec la couleur de la robe.
Museau: Sec, pointu, légèrement plus court que le crâne.
Lèvres: Fines, sèches, bien jointives, de couleur foncée ou en accord avec la couleur de la robe.
Mâchoires/dents: Dents petites, blanches; articulé en ciseaux.  Manque de deux incisives permis dans chaque mâchoire. 
Arcades zygomatiques: Peu marquées.
Yeux: Assez grands, arrondis, de couleur sombre, légèrement proéminents, bien écartés et regardant droit devant.  Paupières foncées ou en accord avec la couleur de la robe, elles épousent parfaitement la forme du globe oculaire.
Oreilles: Grandes, minces, attachées haut, dressées.
COU: Long, net, porté haut, légèrement galbé.
CORPS:
Ligne du dessus: Descend graduellement du garrot à la naissance de la queue.
Garrot: Légèrement marqué.
Dos: Fort et droit.
Rein: Court et légèrement voussé.
Croupe: Quelque peu arrondie et légèrement oblique.
Poitrine: Suffisamment descendue, pas très large, de forme ovale.
Ligne du dessous: Ventre relevé et flancs remontés forment une belle ligne courbe régulière de la poitrine aux flancs.
QUEUE: Coupée court (à deux ou trois vertèbres).  Elle est portée vers le haut.  On peut aussi la laisser naturelle ; elle est en forme de faucille, pas portée plus bas que la ligne du dos.
MEMBRES 
MEMBRES ANTERIEURS:
Fins et secs; vus de devant, ils sont droits et parallèles.
Epaules: Les omoplates sont modérément longues et pas trop inclinées.
Bras: D’une longueur à peu près égale à celle des omoplates.  L’angle scapulo-huméral est de 105 degrés environ.
Coudes: Dans l’axe du corps.
Avant-bras: Longs et droits.
Carpes (poignets): Secs.
Métacarpes: Presque verticaux.
Pieds: Petits, ovales, dirigés vers l’avant.  Doigts serrés et cambrés.  Coussinets élastiques.  Ongles et coussinets sont noirs ou d’une couleur en accord avec la couleur de la robe.
MEMBRES POSTERIEURS: Vus de derrière, ils sont droits et parallèles, un petit peu plus écartés qu’à l’avant.  Tous les angles des articulations sont suffisamment marqués.
Cuisses: Musculature sèche et développée.
Jambes: De même longueur que les cuisses.
Jarrets: Suffisamment angulés.
Métatarses: Verticaux.
Pieds: Cambrés; un petit peu plus étroits que les antérieurs.  Ongles et coussinets noirs ou d’une couleur en accord avec la couleur de la robe. ALLURES: Allures faciles, rapides, les membres se portant droit devant.  Pas de déplacement important de la ligne du dessus aux allures.
PEAU: Fine, sèche, elle adhère bien au corps.
ROBE
POIL:
Il existe deux types de poil: poil lisse et poil long.

Poil lisse: Court, bien couché sur le corps, luisant, sans sous-poil et sans plaques dépourvues de poils.

  • Poil Long: Le tronc est couvert d’un poil de longueur modérée (3 à 5 cm), droit ou légèrement ondulé, couché, et qui ne cache pas les contours naturels du corps.  Le poil sur la tête et sur la partie antérieure des membres est court et bien couché.  La partie postérieure des membres est bien garnie de franges.  Les pieds ont de longs poils soyeux qui cachent entièrement les ongles.

Les oreilles sont couvertes d’un poil long et épais formant des franges.  Les chiens de plus de trois ans doivent porter de belles franges qui doivent cacher complètement le bord externe et l’extrémité des oreilles.  Sur le tronc, le poil ne doit pas apparaître ébouriffé ni être trop court (moins de 2 cm).
COULEUR: Noir et feu, marron et feu, bleu et feu.  Egalement n’importe quel ton de rouge, charbonné ou non de noir ou de marron.  Dans toutes les couleurs, on préfèrera les tons les plus soutenus.
TAILLE ET POIDS
Hauteur au garrot:   Mâles et femelles de 20 à 28 cm (tolérance de +/-  1 cm).
Poids:                     Mâles et femelles jusqu’à 3 kg.

DEFAUTS: Tout écart par rapport à ce qui précède doit être considéré comme un défaut qui sera pénalisé en fonction de sa gravité et de ses conséquences sur la santé et le bien être du chien.

  • Chien timide.
  • Incisives bord à bord; pro-alvéolie (inclinaison des incisives vers l’avant).
  • Oreilles semi-dressées.  Chez les chiens à poil long portant de lourdes franges, l’oreille semi-dressée est permise mais non recherchée.
  • Queue attachée bas.
  • Présence de plaques dépourvues de poil chez les chiens à poil lisse. 
  • Poil trop long ou trop court sur le tronc chez les chiens à poil long.
  • Présence de petites taches blanches sur le poitrail ou les doigts.
  • Robes entièrement noires, marron, bleues; marques feu (fauves) trop grandes ou ombrées.

 DEFAUTS ELIMINATOIRES

  • Chien agressif.  Chien peureux. 
  • Prognathisme supérieur, prognathisme inférieur accusé.   Absence d’une canine, absence de plus de deux incisives dans l’une ou l’autre mâchoire.
  • Oreilles pendantes.
  • Chien court sur pattes.
  • Plaques dépourvues de poil en grand nombre chez les chiens à poil lisse.
  • Chez les chiens à poil long, absence de franges aux oreilles, présence de poil frisé.
  • Robe blanche, taches blanches sur la tête, le ventre, au dessus des métacarpes, grandes taches blanches au poitrail et à la gorge; présence de bringeures.
  • Taille supérieure à 30 cm.  Taille inférieure à 18 cm. 
  • Poids inférieur à 1 kg.

Tout chien présentant de façon évidente des anomalies d’ordre physique ou comportemental sera disqualifié.

N.B.: Les mâles doivent avoir deux testicules d’aspect normal complètement descendus dans le scrotum.